Sanford government is typical New England featuring a Town Meeting that meets in May. The Town Manager oversees all Town Departments.
Sanford has a full-time Professional Police Department and a full-time Fire and Rescue Department. The area is served by three fire stations with locations in Springvale Square, one close to Downtown Sanford, another adjacent to the Sanford Regional Airport and the business and industrial parks.
The following governmental departments are located in Town Hall. They are Administration, Assessing, General Assistance, Town Clerk/Tax Collector, Treasurer, Parks & Recreation, Personnel, Voter Registration, Economic Development and Information Systems.
Located in the Town Hall Annex are the Codes Enforcement Office, the Planning Department and the School Department.
The Public Works Department, where the offices of the Town Engineer and the Public Works Director are located, are in a brand new building on Lower School Street near the Town Garage and the Transfer Station.